The acient Nitra, a town of 78 353 inhabitants (2.1.2020), is situated in the south-western part of Slovakia, at the bottom of the Zobor peak and on the banks of the river Nitra. The area of the city is 100,45 km² and is currently the fifth largest city in Slovakia. It represents a natural center of the Ponitrie region as well as of the whole south-western Slovakia. It is center of of the Nitra county and seat of the Nitra bishopric and two universities. The farable location at the crossing of acient roads – the river Nitra and the bottom of Tribeč predestined this place for origination of a settlement. Nitra played a key role in the history of the Great Moravian Kingdom and of the young Hungarian kingdom.
The territory of the town is attractive also because of the contrast between the lowland of the basin and the mountain country of the Carpathian massif, wchich is represented by the Tribeč (Mts.) and their offshoots into Danube lowland. Nitra was a symbol of historical values and traditions for the slovak nation. This important strategic point at the southern bottom of the Zobor peak was repeatedly of key importance in the history of central Europe.