Image by Kseniia Rastvorova

BUZAU CARPATHIANS AND SUB-CARPATHIANS

Romania

Buzău Carpathians and Subcarpathians are located in the South-Eastern part of Romania between the Teleajăn and the Cricovul Sărat valleys and the Braşov Depression (to the north) and the Romanian Plain (to the south). The accessibility of relief, the mild climate, the presence of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, the mountain-plain contact propitious to intense trade relations, have long enabled the development of human activities. It is one of the most populated regions of Romania, with a developed network of settlements spread along a dense river system since earliest times.

Buzău Carpathians and Subcarpathians are characterized by a dominant rural economy, facing complex socio-economic and environmental challenges which are reflected in the intra- and inter-regional disparities, and ultimately in the low quality of life of rural communities. The study-area has a high tourist potential, both natural and anthropic, streaming from the complexity and diversity of natural landscapes and local historical background. In some cases, the development of tourist sites has revitalized the country-side, thus showing its high potential to bring socio-economic progress to the area. As a result, the development of the study-area should be tackled by taking into consideration the local natural and human resources valorized through cultural tourism and the preservation of historical and heritage sites, traditional customs and identity items: gastronomy, fairs and markets, religious sites, museums, wine routes etc.

Buzău Land, Romania designated as UNESCO Global Geopark

The UNESCO Global Geopark label recognizes geological heritage of international significance. Member States unanimously ratified its creation in 2015. The sites of this network present an extraordinary geological diversity that underpins different regions’ biological and cultural diversity. The geoparks serve local communities by combining the conservation of their unique geological heritage with public outreach and sustainable development. Among the 8 newly designated UNESCO Global Geoparks is also:

Buzău Land UNESCO Global Geopark, Romania

In the Carpathian Bend Area in Romania, the hilly and mountainous territory of the Buzău Land UNESCO Global Geopark covers 1,036 km² and is home to some 45,000 inhabitants. In the region, several tectonic plates collided, giving birth to a very complex fold and thrust mountain range which was later eroded by the glacial action. One of the most geodynamically active areas in Europe, the geopark exhibits 40 million years of geological history. Over this period, it tectonic movements pushed up mountains and transformed a deep-sea environment into a terrestrial one. Fossils of marine species, terrestrial vegetation, mammals and birds dating from the last glaciation have been well-preserved. Many fossils of beetles, spiders, crustaceans, reptiles and other species are conserved in amber, a fossilized resin.  Some of the longest and deepest salt caves in the world are also found here, remnants of large deposits of salt and gypsum formed by the evaporation of shallow enclosed bodies of water. This rich geodiversity has influenced a unique cultural heritage with local legends in which mud volcanoes become dragons, mud boilers are traps made by giants to catch cattle, and the future can be predicted by looking through a lens of amber.

For more information, please visit: https://www.unesco.org/en/articles/unesco-designates-8-new-global-geoparks?fbclid=IwAR1GA9t63MBHZQYuU8N4GRLTvumB_Kvm5t-7sybpOZkPZ0-QDgCUynksnmQ

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